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Table 1 Nudge categories and description applied in the review based on the Mindspace framework

From: Nudge strategies to improve healthcare providers’ implementation of evidence-based guidelines, policies and practices: a systematic review of trials included within Cochrane systematic reviews

Categories of nudges using the Mindspace framework Description
Priming Subconscious cues which might be physical, verbal or sensational and are changed to nudge a particular choice
Salience/affect Novel, personally relevant vivid examples and explanations that are used to increase attention to a particular choice
Default A particular choice is ‘preset’, making it the easiest option
Incentive Incentives to reinforce a positive choice, or penalties to discourage a negative choice. Such incentive however should not be enough to result in economic gains
Commitment/ ego Making a commitment/ ego or public promise in order to elevate one’s desire to feel good about themselves
Norms and messenger Using the practices of peers or others to establish a norm. People of status, professional organisations and peer leaders used to communicate with individuals
  1. Mindspace Messenger, Incentives, Norms, Default, Salience, Priming, Affect, Commitment, Ego