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  1. An epidemic of health disorders can be triggered by a collective manifestation of inappropriate behaviors, usually systematically fueled by non-medical factors at the individual and/or societal levels. This st...

    Authors: Leesa Lin, Prima Alam, Elizabeth Fearon and James R. Hargreaves

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:90

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  2. Research has the potential to influence US social policy; however, existing research in this area lacks a coherent message. The Model for Dissemination of Research provides a framework through which to synthes...

    Authors: Laura Ellen Ashcraft, Deirdre A. Quinn and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:89

    Content type: Systematic review

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  3. Implementation science has focused mainly on the initial uptake and use of evidence-based practices (EBPs), with less attention to sustainment—i.e., continuous use of these practices, as intended, over time in...

    Authors: Sarah A. Birken, Emily R. Haines, Soohyun Hwang, David A. Chambers, Alicia C. Bunger and Per Nilsen

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:88

    Content type: Systematic review

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  4. Though the knowledge base on implementation strategies is growing, much remains unknown about how to most effectively operationalize these strategies in diverse contexts. For example, while evidence shows that...

    Authors: Arwen E. Bunce, Inga Gruß, James V. Davis, Stuart Cowburn, Deborah Cohen, Jee Oakley and Rachel Gold

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:87

    Content type: Research

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  5. Authors: Sara J. Landes, Suzanne E. U. Kerns, Meagan R. Pilar, Callie Walsh-Bailey, Stephanie H. Yu, Y. Vivian Byeon, Margaret E. Crane, Madeline Larson, Heather L. Bullock, Ana A. Baumann, Katherine Anne Comtois, Doyanne Darnell, Shannon Dorsey, Phil Fizur, Cara C. Lewis, Joanna C. Moullin…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15(Suppl 3):76

    Content type: Introduction

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 3

  6. Failing to account for the resources required to successfully implement public health interventions can lead to an underestimation of costs and budget impact, optimistic cost-effectiveness estimates, and ultim...

    Authors: Hojoon Sohn, Austin Tucker, Olivia Ferguson, Isabella Gomes and David Dowdy

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:86

    Content type: Commentary

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  7. Mis-implementation—defined as failure to successfully implement and continue evidence-based programs—is widespread in public health practice. Yet the causes of this phenomenon are poorly understood.

    Authors: Joseph T. Ornstein, Ross A. Hammond, Margaret Padek, Stephanie Mazzucca and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:85

    Content type: Methodology

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  8. Numerous models, frameworks, and theories exist for specific aspects of implementation research, including for determinants, strategies, and outcomes. However, implementation research projects often fail to pr...

    Authors: Justin D. Smith, Dennis H. Li and Miriam R. Rafferty

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:84

    Content type: Research

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  9. Use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) is rapidly growing for treatment of atrial fibrillation and venous thromboembolism. However, incorrect dosing of these medications is common and puts patients at risk o...

    Authors: Geoffrey D. Barnes, Emily Sippola, Michael Dorsch, Joshua Errickson, Michael Lanham, Arthur Allen, Patrick Spoutz, Anne E. Sales and Jeremy Sussman

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:83

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Formative evaluation of the implementation process for a digitally supported intervention in polypharmacy in Germany. Qualitative research was conducted within a cluster randomized controlled trial (C-RCT). It...

    Authors: Sara Söling, Juliane Köberlein-Neu, Beate Sigrid Müller, Truc Sophia Dinh, Christiane Muth, Holger Pfaff and Ute Karbach

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:82

    Content type: Research

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  11. Despite decades of ethical, empirical, and policy support, shared decision-making (SDM) has failed to become standard practice in US cancer care. Organizational and health system characteristics appear to cont...

    Authors: Isabelle Scholl, Sarah Kobrin and Glyn Elwyn

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:81

    Content type: Research

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  12. To assess the quality of recommendations from 161 clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) using AGREE-REX-D (Appraisal of Guidelines REsearch and Evaluation-Recommendations Excellence Draft).

    Authors: Ivan D. Florez, Melissa C. Brouwers, Kate Kerkvliet, Karen Spithoff, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Jako Burgers, Francoise Cluzeau, Beatrice Férvers, Ian Graham, Jeremy Grimshaw, Steven Hanna, Monika Kastner, Michelle Kho, Amir Qaseem and Sharon Straus

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:79

    Content type: Research

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  13. Fidelity in complex behavioral interventions is underexplored. This study examines the fidelity of the INFORM trial and explores the relationship between fidelity, study arm, and the trial’s primary outcome—ca...

    Authors: Liane R. Ginsburg, Matthias Hoben, Adam Easterbrook, Elizabeth Andersen, Ruth A. Anderson, Lisa Cranley, Holly J. Lanham, Peter G. Norton, Lori E. Weeks and Carole A. Estabrooks

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:78

    Content type: Research

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  14. Promoting uptake of evidence-based innovations in healthcare systems requires attention to how innovations are adapted to enhance their fit with a given setting. Little is known about real-world variation in h...

    Authors: Gloria D. Coronado, Jennifer L. Schneider, Beverly B. Green, Jennifer K. Coury, Malaika R. Schwartz, Yogini Kulkarni-Sharma and Laura Mae Baldwin

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:77

    Content type: Research

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  15. Effective communication among interdisciplinary healthcare teams is essential for quality healthcare, especially in nursing homes (NHs). Care aides provide most direct care in NHs, yet are rarely included in f...

    Authors: Matthias Hoben, Liane R. Ginsburg, Adam Easterbrook, Peter G. Norton, Ruth A. Anderson, Elizabeth A. Andersen, Anne-Marie Boström, Lisa A. Cranley, Holly J. Lanham, Lori E. Weeks, Greta G. Cummings, Jayna M. Holroyd-Leduc, Janet E. Squires, Adrian S. Wagg and Carole A. Estabrooks

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:75

    Content type: Research

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  16. The majority of literature on evidence-based practice (EBP) adaptation focuses on changes to clinical practices without explicitly addressing how organizations must adapt to accommodate a new EBP. This study e...

    Authors: Rebecca Lengnick-Hall, Cathleen E. Willging, Michael S. Hurlburt and Gregory A. Aarons

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:74

    Content type: Research

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  17. Effective strategies are needed to increase implementation and sustainability of evidence-based tobacco dependence treatment (TDT) in public health systems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Our two-...

    Authors: Nancy VanDevanter, Milkie Vu, Ann Nguyen, Trang Nguyen, Hoang Van Minh, Nam Truong Nguyen and Donna R. Shelley

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:73

    Content type: Research

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  18. While cesarean sections (CSs) are a life-saving intervention, an increasing number are performed without medical reasons in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Unnecessary CS diverts scarce resources and...

    Authors: Alexandre Dumont, Ana Pilar Betrán, Charles Kaboré, Myriam de Loenzien, Pisake Lumbiganon, Meghan A. Bohren, Quoc Nhu Hung Mac, Newton Opiyo, Guillermo Carroli, Kristi Sidney Annerstedt, Valéry Ridde, Ramón Escuriet, Michael Robson and Claudia Hanson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:72

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Enhancing the sustainability of evidence-based prevention programs for mental and behavioral health requires tools for measuring both sustainability determinants and sustainment outcomes. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Lawrence A. Palinkas, Chih-Ping Chou, Suzanne E. Spear, Sapna J. Mendon, Juan Villamar and C. Hendricks Brown

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:71

    Content type: Methodology

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  20. There is a need to unpack the empirical, practical, and personal challenges within participatory approaches advocated to optimize implementation. The unpredictable, chaotic nature of participatory approaches c...

    Authors: Abby M. Steketee, Thomas G. Archibald and Samantha M. Harden

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:70

    Content type: Research

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  21. Teams’ structure may undergo modifications due to the individual attributes of actors and collective-level variables. This research aims to understand the effect of extensive experience working in the program ...

    Authors: Ignacio Ramos-Vidal, Jorge Palacio, Ilse Villamil and Alicia Uribe

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:69

    Content type: Research

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  22. The Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARIHS) framework was developed two decades ago and conceptualizes successful implementation (SI) as a function (f) of the evidence (E) natur...

    Authors: Anna Bergström, Anna Ehrenberg, Ann Catrine Eldh, Ian D. Graham, Kazuko Gustafsson, Gillian Harvey, Sarah Hunter, Alison Kitson, Jo Rycroft-Malone and Lars Wallin

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:68

    Content type: Systematic review

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  23. There is little information about the functions and behavior change techniques (BCTs) needed to implement shared decision making (SDM) in clinical practice. To guide future implementation initiatives, we sough...

    Authors: Titilayo Tatiana Agbadjé, Hélène Elidor, Milena Sia Perin, Rhéda Adekpedjou and France Légaré

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:67

    Content type: Research

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  24. Implementation research aims to facilitate the timely and routine implementation and sustainment of evidence-based interventions and services. A glaring gap in this endeavour is the capability of researchers, ...

    Authors: Zarnie Khadjesari, Sabah Boufkhed, Silia Vitoratou, Laura Schatte, Alexandra Ziemann, Christina Daskalopoulou, Eleonora Uglik-Marucha, Nick Sevdalis and Louise Hull

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:66

    Content type: Systematic review

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  25. Recently, a 3-month (12-dose) regimen of weekly isoniazid and rifapentine (3HP) was recommended by the World Health Organization for the prevention of tuberculosis (TB) among people living with HIV (PLHIV) on ...

    Authors: Jillian L. Kadota, Allan Musinguzi, Juliet Nabunje, Fred Welishe, Jackie L. Ssemata, Opira Bishop, Christopher A. Berger, Devika Patel, Amanda Sammann, Anne Katahoire, Payam Nahid, Robert Belknap, Patrick P. J. Phillips, Jennifer Namusobya, Moses Kamya, Margaret A. Handley…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:65

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. People who inject drugs (PWID) bear a disproportionate burden of HIV infection and experience poor outcomes. A randomized trial demonstrated the efficacy of an integrated System Navigation and Psychosocial Cou...

    Authors: Minh X. B. Nguyen, Anh V. Chu, Byron J. Powell, Ha V. Tran, Long H. Nguyen, An T. M. Dao, Manh D. Pham, Son H. Vo, Ngoc H. Bui, David W. Dowdy, Carl A. Latkin, Kathryn E. Lancaster, Brian W. Pence, Teerada Sripaipan, Irving Hoffman, William C. Miller…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:64

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  27. The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends out-of-office blood pressure (BP) testing to exclude white coat hypertension prior to hypertension diagnosis. Despite improved availability and coverag...

    Authors: Nathalie Moise, Erica Phillips, Eileen Carter, Carmela Alcantara, Jacob Julian, Anusorn Thanataveerat, Joseph E. Schwartz, Siqin Ye, Andrea Duran, Daichi Shimbo and Ian M. Kronish

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:63

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  28. Research to date has focused on strategies and resources used by effective champions of healthcare change efforts, rather than personal characteristics that contribute to their success. We sought to identify a...

    Authors: Kirsten Bonawitz, Marisa Wetmore, Michele Heisler, Vanessa K. Dalton, Laura J. Damschroder, Jane Forman, Katie R. Allan and Michelle H. Moniz

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:62

    Content type: Research

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  29. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Fiona Riordan, Emmy Racine, Eunice T. Phillip, Colin Bradley, Fabiana Lorencatto, Mark Murphy, Aileen Murphy, John Browne, Susan M. Smith, Patricia M. Kearney and Sheena M. McHugh

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:61

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2020 15:34

  30. Childhood cancer affects and is affected by multiple levels of the social ecology, including social and relational determinants of health (e.g., economic stability, housing, childcare, healthcare access, child...

    Authors: Anne E. Kazak, Janet A. Deatrick, Michele A. Scialla, Eric Sandler, Rebecca E. Madden and Lamia P. Barakat

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:60

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  31. Prolonged exposure therapy (PE) is an evidence-based treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that is underutilized in the military health system. Standard workshop training in PE may not be sufficie...

    Authors: Edna B. Foa, Carmen P. McLean, Lily A. Brown, Yinyin Zang, David Rosenfield, Laurie J. Zandberg, Wayne Ealey, Brenda S. Hanson, Lora Rose Hunter, Ivett J. Lillard, Thomas J. Patterson, Julio Rosado, Valerie Scott, Charles Weber, Joseph E. Wise, Charles D. Zamora…

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:59

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. In 2018, the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) mandated implementation of a national suicide risk identification strategy (Risk ID). The goal of Risk ID is to improve the detection and management of suicide...

    Authors: Nazanin H. Bahraini, Bridget B. Matarazzo, Catherine N. Barry, Edward P. Post, Jeri E. Forster, Katherine M. Dollar, Steven K. Dobscha and Lisa A. Brenner

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:58

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) such as ischemic heart disease and stroke is the leading causes of death and disability globally with a growing burden in low and middle-income countries. A credible way of managin...

    Authors: Tonny B. Muthee, Derick Kimathi, Georgia C. Richards, Anthony Etyang, David Nunan, Veronika Williams and Carl Heneghan

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:57

    Content type: Systematic review

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  34. Implementation science is shifting from qualifying adaptations as good or bad towards understanding adaptations and their impact. Existing adaptation classification frameworks are largely descriptive (e.g., wh...

    Authors: M. Alexis Kirk, Julia E. Moore, Shannon Wiltsey Stirman and Sarah A. Birken

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:56

    Content type: Debate

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  35. Cross-system interventions can help integrate services across different service delivery systems but require organizations to establish strong collaborative relationships for implementation. Contingency theory...

    Authors: Alicia C. Bunger, Emmeline Chuang, Amanda Girth, Kathryn E. Lancaster, Fawn Gadel, Marla Himmeger, Lisa Saldana, Byron J. Powell and Gregory A. Aarons

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:55

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Reducing the need for antibiotics is crucial in addressing the global threat of antimicrobial resistance. Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is one of the most frequent device-related infectio...

    Authors: Lou Atkins, Anna Sallis, Tim Chadborn, Karen Shaw, Annegret Schneider, Susan Hopkins, Amanda Bunten, Susan Michie and Fabiana Lorencatto

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:44

    Content type: Systematic review

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  37. Enacting knowledge translation (KT) in healthcare settings is a complex process that requires organizational facilitation. In addition to addressing organizational-level barriers, targeting individual-level fa...

    Authors: Christine Provvidenza, Ashleigh Townley, Joanne Wincentak, Sean Peacocke and Shauna Kingsnorth

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:54

    Content type: Research

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  38. There are complex issues in understanding and categorizing implementation science theories, models, and frameworks. Systematic reviews of these models are important undertakings for synthesizing current knowle...

    Authors: Russell E. Glasgow, Paul A. Estabrooks and Marcia G. Ory

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:53

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Implementation Science 2020 15:52

  39. The study purpose was to compare the effectiveness of monthly or quarterly peer reminder knowledge translation interventions, with monthly or quarterly paper-based reminders, to sustain a mobility innovation, ...

    Authors: Susan E. Slaughter, Misha Eliasziw, Carla Ickert, C. Allyson Jones, Carole A. Estabrooks and Adrian S. Wagg

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:51

    Content type: Research

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  40. Nudge interventions are those that seek to modify the social and physical environment to enhance capacity for subconscious behaviours that align with the intrinsic values of an individual, without actively res...

    Authors: Sze Lin Yoong, Alix Hall, Fiona Stacey, Alice Grady, Rachel Sutherland, Rebecca Wyse, Amy Anderson, Nicole Nathan and Luke Wolfenden

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:50

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  41. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Numerous VTE prevention clinical practice guidelines are available but not consistently implemented. This sy...

    Authors: Juliana Abboud, Abir Abdel Rahman, Lara Kahale, Martin Dempster and Pauline Adair

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:49

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  42. In 2018, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) issued Notice 2018-08 requiring facilities to complete “case reviews” for Veterans identified in the Stratification Tool for Opioid Risk Mitigation (STORM) dash...

    Authors: Shari S. Rogal, Matthew Chinman, Walid F. Gellad, Maria K. Mor, Hongwei Zhang, Sharon A. McCarthy, Genna T. Mauro, Jennifer A. Hale, Eleanor T. Lewis, Elizabeth M. Oliva, Jodie A. Trafton, Vera Yakovchenko, Adam J. Gordon and Leslie R. M. Hausmann

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:48

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Public policy has tremendous impacts on population health. While policy development has been extensively studied, policy implementation research is newer and relies largely on qualitative methods. Quantitative...

    Authors: Peg Allen, Meagan Pilar, Callie Walsh-Bailey, Cole Hooley, Stephanie Mazzucca, Cara C. Lewis, Kayne D. Mettert, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Jonathan Purtle, Maura M. Kepper, Ana A. Baumann and Ross C. Brownson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:47

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  44. Laboratory tests and transfusions are sometimes ordered inappropriately, particularly in the critical care setting, which sees frequent use of both. Audit and Feedback (A&F) is a potentially useful interventio...

    Authors: Madison Foster, Justin Presseau, Nicola McCleary, Kelly Carroll, Lauralyn McIntyre, Brian Hutton and Jamie Brehaut

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:46

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  45. National audit is a key strategy used to improve care for patients with dementia. Audit and feedback has been shown to be effective, but with variation in how much it improves care. Both evidence and theory id...

    Authors: Michael Sykes, Richard Thomson, Niina Kolehmainen, Louise Allan and Tracy Finch

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:45

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. Bridging factors are relational ties (e.g. partnerships), formal arrangements (e.g. contracts or polices) and processes (e.g. data sharing agreements) linking outer and inner contexts and are a recent evolutio...

    Authors: Rebecca Lengnick-Hall, Cathleen Willging, Michael Hurlburt, Karissa Fenwick and Gregory A. Aarons

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:43

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. The emergence of SARS-CoV-2/Covid-19 affects all of us and is associated with rapid and massive changes in healthcare and societies. As a response, a range of interventions for patients and populations have be...

    Authors: Michel Wensing, Anne Sales, Rebecca Armstrong and Paul Wilson

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:42

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

  48. Health care professionals (HCPs) use clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to make evidence-informed decisions regarding patient care. Although a large number of cancer-related CPGs exist, it is unknown which CP...

    Authors: Jennifer R. Tomasone, Kaitlyn D. Kauffeldt, Rushil Chaudhary and Melissa C. Brouwers

    Citation: Implementation Science 2020 15:41

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

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